The better known of the two is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the chemical substance responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis. Like THC, CBD is one of the most common cannabinoids. Unlike THC, CBD doesn't give you the feeling of being “high”. CBD is known to be useful in treating a number of medical symptoms, effectively improving insulin resistance, treating epilepsy, acting as an anti-inflammatory agent, inhibiting cancer cell growth and relieving anxiety, among many other applications.
CBD levels vary in flowers, but usually range from 1 to 4%. However, with the increasing demand for cannabidiol, cultivars rich in CBD (those with more than 4% CBD by weight) are becoming increasingly common. Some high-CBD cultivars worth exploring include Harlequin and Cannatonic. THCV is another of the most common cannabinoids.
One of the interesting aspects of THCV is how it affects a person's “euphoria”. THCV amplifies the psychoactive properties of THC, but also reduces the longevity of intoxication.
Cannabiscultivars native to Asia and Africa are more likely than domestic cultivars to have high levels of THCV. GW Pharmaceuticals is studying THCV as a potential treatment for diabetes.
Cannabidiol (CBD), cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), cannabidiorcol (CBDC) Cannabidiol-C4 (CBDC), cannabidiol dimethyl ether (CBDD), cannabidiol monomethyl ether (CBDM), cannabidivarin (CBDV), cannabidivarinic acid (CBDVA) This list of cannabinoids contains the best known and most studied cannabinoids of these compounds. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the best-known cannabinoid and is the chemical responsible for much of the psychoactive (psychotropic) and euphoric effects of cannabis, in addition to being used to treat serious illnesses such as PTSD and cancer. Cannabidiol (CBD), a generally non-psychoactive compound that has been shown to provide a wide range of medical benefits, such as pain relief, anxiety relief and depression relief, is another notable cannabinoid. Most people are familiar with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
While THC and CBD are definitely important cannabinoids, there are many more worth exploring. While the endocannabinoid system can use THC and CBD, it can also use MANY more cannabinoids. At the time of writing this article, we know about 113 cannabinoids in the marijuana plant. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the best known.
Even when you focus only on these two, you see the significant differences between them. The main reason we know more about them than others is because they are the most abundant cannabinoids in marijuana.