What do cannabinoids do in the brain?

Please enter a valid date or select it with the date selector. After several decades of research, scientists studying the effects of marijuana made several important discoveries. Not only did they identify the active ingredient in marijuana, but they also discovered where and how it works in the brain through a new system called the endocannabinoid (EC) system. The CE system, named after the cannabis plant Cannabis sativa and its active ingredient delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), is a unique communication system in the brain and body that affects many important functions, including the way a person feels, moves and reacts.

Natural chemicals produced by the body that interact within the EC system are called cannabinoids and, like THC, they interact with receptors to regulate these important body functions. So what makes the CE system unique and how does the impact of THC in this system affect a person's memory, the risk of accidents, and even addiction? Review Figure 1 and the steps below to take a closer look at the components of the CE system, how they work and the effects of THC. Brain cells (neurons) communicate with each other and with the rest of the body by sending chemical “messages”. These messages help coordinate and regulate everything we feel, think and do.

Chemicals (called neurotransmitters) are usually released from a neuron (a presynaptic cell), travel through a small gap (the synapse), and then bind to specific receptors located in a nearby neuron (postsynaptic cell). This prompts the receiving neuron to act, which triggers a series of events that allow the message to be transmitted. But the EC system communicates its messages in a different way because it works “the other way around”. When the postsynaptic neuron is activated, cannabinoids (chemical messengers of the EC system) are manufactured “on demand” from lipid precursors (fat cells) already present in the neuron.

They are then released from that cell and travel back to the presynaptic neuron, where they bind to cannabinoid receptors. So why is it important? Because cannabinoids act on presynaptic cells, they can control what happens next when these cells are activated. In general, cannabinoids work as an “attenuation switch” for presynaptic neurons, limiting the number of neurotransmitters (p. ex.

When a person smokes marijuana, THC overwhelms the EC system and quickly attaches to cannabinoid receptors throughout the brain and body. This interferes with the ability of natural cannabinoids to do their job of adjusting communication between neurons, which can imbalance the entire system. See Figure 2 to see areas of the brain with cannabinoid receptors, and then place those areas in the table to study some of the different effects of THC on the user. Any materials you want to save can be downloaded between now and June 30.

Role of receptor internalization in the desensitization induced by cannabinoid type 1 receptor agonists. The cannabinoid receptors in the brain, the CB1 receptors, outnumber many of the other types of receptors in the brain. Teaching doctors about the endocannabinoid system can also increase their willingness to research cannabinoids, Bearman says. Many of these substances have been developed to the point where they no longer conform to the traditional cannabinoid classification system.

Therefore, cannabinoids share a last common neural action with other major drugs of abuse, such as morphine, ethanol and nicotine, by facilitating the mesolimbic dopamine system. Differential cannabinoid receptor (CB) signaling modalities may affect neuromodulation in health and disease in specific ways. Anandamide and other endogenous cannabinoids affect areas of the brain that play a role in pleasure, memory, cognition, concentration, movement, coordination, sensory perception and time perception, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Of course, Cannazza says, it could be that the effects of any type of cannabis come from the different cannabinoids that act together, such as the different instruments in an orchestra that play in sync to produce a melody.

In humans, psychoactive cannabinoids cause euphoria, increased sensory perception, tachycardia, antinociception, concentration difficulties and memory impairment. An essential role of constitutive endocytosis, but not of activity, in axonal targeting of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor. This review will explore some of the relationships between cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB) and their ligands with the nervous system in health and disease. However, to get an idea of the different effects, it's important to remember that a particular cannabis strain may have a higher concentration of a specific cannabinoid, meaning there's a good chance that the effect of that strain can be attributed to that cannabinoid.

In general, cannabinoids work as an “attenuation switch” for presynaptic neurons, limiting the number of neurotransmitters (e.g. Endocannabinoids modulate N-type calcium channels and G-protein-coupled potassium channels, internally rectifying potassium channels through heterologously expressed CB1 cannabinoid receptors in neurons. Because of its expression and location in the central nervous system (CNS), the CB1 receptor, together with its endogenous ligands (endocannabinoids (EcB)) and the enzymes involved in its synthesis and degradation, has been implicated in multiple pathophysiological events ranging from memory deficits to neurodegenerative disorders, among others. .


Layla Johnson
Layla Johnson

Avid coffee ninja. Incurable twitter ninja. Infuriatingly humble food ninja. Passionate social media nerd. Hardcore food junkie.

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