A type of chemical substance in marijuana that causes drug-like effects throughout the body, including the central nervous system and the immune system. The main active cannabinoid in marijuana is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Cannabinoids are drugs that share the active ingredients found in cannabis (marijuana) or that were developed synthetically from those drugs. They are becoming increasingly legal, posing a potential problem of increasing addiction at all ages.
If cannabinoid use affects your health, your family, your relationships, work, school, finances, or any other life situation, or if you're worried about a loved one, you can find help and support. If you think that you, your teen, or a loved one has an addiction to cannabinoids or cannabis, contact a treatment provider today. The following sections summarize research on cannabis or cannabinoids for specific health conditions. The main difference between the two cannabinoids is that THC has strong psychoactive effects, meaning that it causes a person to “get high”, while CBD is believed to have an antipsychoactive effect that controls or moderates the “high” caused by THC.
Fifteen artificial cannabinoids are currently classified as Schedule I substances, indicating a high potential for abuse, but not their medical use approved under the Controlled Substances Act of Many people in the United States have been using cannabinoids and cannabis for medical reasons; however, many of its non-medical users use it to a large extent, so they abuse the drug. Several studies funded by the NCCIH are investigating the potential analgesic properties and mechanisms of action of cannabis substances, including minor cannabinoids (other than THC) and terpenes (substances in cannabis that give the plant strain-specific properties, such as aroma and flavor). Simply put, cannabinoids regulate the way cells communicate, send, receive, or process messages. The cannabinoids that have been developed and extracted from hemp plants are legal and can be found in many markets.
The word cannabinoid refers to any chemical substance, regardless of its structure or origin, that binds to cannabinoid receptors in the body and brain and that has effects similar to those produced by the Cannabis Sativa plant. Although there are studies showing the potential benefits of cannabinoids, taking the drug has many side effects. Synthetic cannabinoids, such as K2 or spices, are artificial chemicals that coat plant material to mimic the effects of a marijuana plant's THC high. Cannabidiol inhibits human glioma cell migration through a mechanism independent of the cannabinoid receptor.
In addition, some evidence suggests modest benefits of cannabis or cannabinoids for chronic pain and symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Gamma irradiation enhances apoptosis induced by cannabidiol, a non-psychotropic cannabinoid, in cultured HL-60 myeloblastic leukemia cells.